Treatment of Motor Symptoms in Idiopathic Parkinson-s Disease
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Idiopathic Parkinson-s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders. Idiopathic Parkinson-s disease continues to be a progressive disorder leading to severe disability caused by motor and non-motor symptoms. To date, there have been no disease-modifying or neuroprotective interventions that could stop or slow down disease progression. Treatment of motor symptoms, such as tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia, is primarily focused on correcting dopamine deficiency. There are some medications that do not directly affect the dopaminergic system. Some invasive interventions are also available. Treatment options should be specified according to age, disease stage, functional status, and concurrent diseases of the patients. Non-motor symptoms, such as sleep disturbances and neuropsychiatric symptoms, should also be properly diagnosed and treated. This review focuses on treatment strategies for the motor symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson-s disease.