SARS-CoV-2 Positivity, Stent Thrombosis, and 30-day Mortality in STEMI Patients Undergoing Mechanical Reperfusion

No Thumbnail Available
De Luca, Giuseppe
Algowhary, Magdy
Uguz, Berat
Oliveira, Dinaldo C.
Ganyukov, Vladimir
Zimbakov, Zan
Cercek, Miha
Jensen, Lisette Okkels
Loh, Poay Huan
Calmac, Lucian
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Research Projects
Sustainable Development Goals
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
SARS-Cov-2 has been suggested to promote thrombotic complications and higher mortality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of SARS-CoV-2 positivity on in-hospital outcome and 30-day mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) enrolled in the International Survey on Acute Coronary Syndromes ST-segment elevation Myocardial Infarction (ISACS-STEMI COVID-19 registry. The 109 SARS-CoV-2 positive patients were compared with 2005 SARS-CoV-2 negative patients. Positive patients were older (P = .002), less often active smokers (P = .002), and hypercholesterolemic (P = .006), they presented more often later than 12 h (P = .037), more often to the hub and were more often in cardiogenic shock (P = .02), or requiring rescue percutaneous coronary intervention after failed thrombolysis (P < .0001). Lower postprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 3 flow (P = .029) and more thrombectomy (P = .046) were observed. SARS-CoV-2 was associated with a significantly higher in-hospital mortality (25.7 vs 7%, adjusted Odds Ratio (OR) [95% Confidence Interval] = 3.2 [1.71-5.99], P < .001) in-hospital definite in-stent thrombosis (6.4 vs 1.1%, adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI] = 6.26 [2.41-16.25], P < .001) and 30-day mortality (34.4 vs 8.5%, adjusted Hazard Ratio [95% CI] = 2.16 [1.45-3.23], P < .001), confirming that SARS-CoV-2 positivity is associated with impaired reperfusion, with negative prognostic consequences.
De Luca G., Algowhary M., Uguz B., Oliveira D. C. , Ganyukov V., Zimbakov Z., Cercek M., Jensen L. O. , Loh P. H. , Calmac L., et al., -SARS-CoV-2 Positivity, Stent Thrombosis, and 30-day Mortality in STEMI Patients Undergoing Mechanical Reperfusion-, ANGIOLOGY, 2022