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Chemical Composition of Different Parts of the Vitex agnus-castus L. Essential Oils and Their In-Vitro Cytotoxic Activities

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Date
2023-12-01
Authors
İnal E.
Nath E. Ö.
Abudayyak M.
Ulusoy Ş.
İnan H. A.
Cicek M.
Kartal M.
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Abstract
The essential oil (EO) compositions and chemotypes of the important ethnomedicinal plantVitex agnus-castusL. flowers, leaves, and fruits collected from Türkiye (Balıkesir and İstanbul) were identified in the present study. Different parts of theV. agnus-castusEO’sin-vitrocytotoxic effects on the MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma) and A549 (human lung carcinoma) human-origin cell lines were anaylzed in the current study. The composition of hydrodistiled EOs extracted from flowers, leaves, and fruits ofV. agnus-castuswere analyzed by GC–FID/MS. Monoterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated monoterpene compounds were detected as the predominant component class of theV. agnus-castus. EOs extracted from Balıkesir region were defined as the \"α-pinene-1,8-cineole\" chemotype, while EOs extracted from İstanbul region were defined as the \"sabinene-1,8-cineole\" chemotype. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons constituted more than 20% of the compounds in the EOs extracted from the flowers. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to analyze thein-vitrocytotoxic effects of flowers. This study is also the first to show thein-vitrocytotoxic effects of fruit, the most commonly used part of the plant, EO on the MCF-7 cell line. Balıkesir region’s EOs were observed as more potent -especially the purple flower’s IC50 is about 4.68 µg/mL on the MCF7 cell line- than İstanbul regions, which might be attributed to the higher amount ofα-pinene, caryophyllene, and limonene content. Our results indicated that theV. agnus-castusEOs, which containα-pinene, 1,8-cineole, caryophyllene, and limonene as major components, showed relatively high cytotoxic effects compared to the control groups on the MCF7 and A549 cell lines.
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Eczacılık, Sağlık Bilimleri, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Health Sciences, Klinik Tıp (MED), Yaşam Bilimleri (LIFE), Farmakoloji ve Toksikoloji, Clinical Medicine (MED), Life Sciences (LIFE), PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY, Farmakoloji, Toksikoloji ve Eczacılık (çeşitli), Yaşam Bilimleri, Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous), Life Sciences
Citation
İnal E., Nath E. Ö., Abudayyak M., Ulusoy Ş., İnan H. A., Cicek M., Kartal M., "Chemical Composition of Different Parts of the Vitex agnus-castus L. Essential Oils and Their In-Vitro Cytotoxic Activities", RECORDS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS, cilt.17, sa.5, ss.904-917, 2023
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