Evaluation of 257 extra pulmonary tuberculosis cases at the Tuberculosis Control Dispensary, Van, Turkey.
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Abstract Objective: To determine whether there were any changes in demographic and clinical features of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted at Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey, and comprised records of extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients treated between January 2009 and July 2014 at the tuberculosis control dispensary. Descriptive and clinical data, including age, gender, site of involvement, diagnostic method and coexisting systemic diseases, were noted. Any changes in terms of these parameters were investigated on a yearon-year basis. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. Results: There were 257 cases detected. Of them, 50(19.45%) related to 2009, 61(23.75%) to 2010, 24(9.33%) to 2011, 50(19.45%) to 2012, 47(18.28%) to 2013 and 25(9.72%) to 2014. Although lymph nodes were by far most frequently affected in 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2013; pleura was most commonly involved in 2012 and 2014. Age and gender distribution displayed no changes between 2009 and 2014 (p>0.05). However, diagnostic method of choice and frequency of co-existent systemic disorders displayed remarkable alterations in this period (p<0.05). Conclusion: Improved insight of clinicians for atypical demographic and clinical features at presentation may provide reduction of rates of morbidity and mortality due to extrapulmonary tuberculosis.