A Case of Primary Hypoparathyroidism Presenting with Acute Kidney Injury Secondary to Rhabdomyolysis.
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Symmetric calcification of the basal ganglia identified radiographically occurs in a variety of familial and nonfamilial conditions. Primary Familial Brain Calcifications (PFBC), which were known by many names previously, including Fahr disease and striopallidodentate calcinosis, are a genetic disease characterized by various mutations in four separate genes and autosomal dominant inheritance [1–4]. PFBC may present with various psychiatric and neurological symptoms . On the other hand, many secondary causes, either infectious, toxic, or metabolic, have been described to cause symmetrical basal ganglion calcifications and so are in the differential diagnosis of PFBC . Parathyroid diseases such as hypoparathyroidism, pseudohypoparathyroidism, and pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism are in the forefront among the metabolic causes. Idiopathic or postsurgical hypoparathyroidism is the most common cause of symmetric calcification of the basal ganglia [7–9]. Herein, a case of primary hypoparathyroidism with severe tetany, rhabdomyolysis, and acute kidney injury (AKI) is presented.