Comparative effects of photobiomodulation therapy at wavelengths of 660 and 808 nm on regeneration of inferior alveolar nerve in rats following crush injury
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of 660-nm and 880-nm photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) following inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) crush injury. Following the nerve crush injuries of IAN, 36 Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups as follows: (1) control, (2) 660-nm PBMT, and (3) 808-nm PBMT (GaAlAs laser, 100 J/cm(2), 70 mW, 0.028-cm(2) beam). PBMT was started immediately after surgery and performed once every 3 days during the postoperative period. At the end of the 30-day treatment period, histopathological and histomorphometric evaluations of tissue sections were made under a light and electron microscope. The ratio of the inner axonal diameter to the total outer axonal diameter (g-ratio) and the number of axons per square micrometer were evaluated. In the 808-nm PBMT group, the number of nerve fibers with suboptimal g-ratio ranges of 0-0.49 (p < 0.001) is significantly lower than expected, which indicates better rate of myelinization in the 808-nm PBMT group. The number of axons per square micrometer was significantly higher in the 808-nm PBMT group when compared with the control (p < 0.001) and 660-nm PBMT group (p = 0.010). The data and the histopathological investigations suggest that the PBMT with the 808-nm wavelength along with its settings was able to enhance IAN regeneration after nerve crush injury.