Early prediction of the severe course, survival, and ICU requirements in acute pancreatitis by artificial intelligence

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İnce A. T.
Silahtaroğlu G.
Seven G.
Koçhan K.
Yıldız K.
Şentürk H.
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AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the success of artificial intelligence for early prediction of severe course, survival, and intensive care unit(ICU) requirement in patients with acute pancreatitis(AP).MethodsRetrospectively, 1334 patients were included the study. Severity is determined according to the Revised Atlanta Classification(RAC). The success of machine learning(ML) method was evaluated by 13 simple demographic, clinical, etiologic, and laboratory features obtained on ER admission. Additionally, it was evaluated whether Balthazar-computerized tomography severity index(CTSI) at 48-h contributed to success. The dataset was split into two parts, 90% for ML(of which 70% for learning and 30% for testing) and 10% for validation and 5-fold stratified sampling has been utilized. Variable Importance was used in the selection of features during training phase of machine. The Gradient Boost Algorithm trained the machine by KNIME analytics platform. SMOTE has been applied to increase the minority classes for training. The combined effects of the measured features were examined by multivariate logistic regression analysis and reciever operating curve curves of the prediction and confidence of the target variables were obtained.ResultsAccuracy values for the early estimation of Atlanta severity score, ICU requirement, and survival were found as 88.20%, 98.25%, and 92.77% respectively. When Balthazar-CTSI score is used, results were found as 91.02%, 92.25%, and 98% respectively.ConclusionsThe ML method we used successfully predicted the severe course, ICU requirement and survival, with promising accuracy values of over 88%. If 48-h Balthazar-CTSI is included in the calculation, the severity score and survival rates increase even more.
Tıp, Dahili Tıp Bilimleri, İç Hastalıkları, Gastroenteroloji-(Hepatoloji), Sağlık Bilimleri, Medicine, Internal Medicine Sciences, Internal Diseases, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Health Sciences, Klinik Tıp (MED), Klinik Tıp, GASTROENTEROLOJİ VE HEPATOLOJİ, TIP, GENEL & DAHİLİ, Clinical Medicine (MED), CLINICAL MEDICINE, GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY, MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL, Genel Sağlık Meslekleri, Patofizyoloji, Temel Bilgi ve Beceriler, Değerlendirme ve Teşhis, Dahiliye, Hepatoloji, Gastroenteroloji, Aile Sağlığı, Tıp (çeşitli), Genel Tıp, General Health Professions, Pathophysiology, Fundamentals and Skills, Assessment and Diagnosis, Internal Medicine, Hepatology, Gastroenterology, Family Practice, Medicine (miscellaneous), General Medicine
İnce A. T., Silahtaroğlu G., Seven G., Koçhan K., Yıldız K., Şentürk H., "Early prediction of the severe course, survival, and ICU requirements in acute pancreatitis by artificial intelligence", PANCREATOLOGY, cilt.111, sa.111, ss.1-10, 2023
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