Traumatic rupture of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas in children: A case report.
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Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a pathological entity rarely encountered in children. Despite its malignant characteristics, SPT has a favorable clinical prognosis. This tumor is more frequently observed in females and is commonly localized in the tail and body of the pancreas. This is the case report of a 9-year-old female patient who presented with severe abdominal pain of sudden onset and vomiting following blunt abdominal trauma. Upon physical examination, abdominal distension, tenderness and abdominal guarding were detected. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass sized 8×9×12 cm in the pancreas, with hemorrhagic-necrotic areas, and abundant intra-abdominal fluid. Intra-abdominal exploration confirmed the presence of an abundant amount of intraperitoneal hemorrhagic fluid. A mass was identified, originating from the body and the tail of the pancreas, adherent to the mesentery of the colon and the hilum of the spleen, which had ruptured in its inferolateral side. The tumor was extirpated together with the spleen and the involved parts of the pancreas. Histopathological examination demonstrated a solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreatic origin. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, clinically as well as metabolically.