Multifetal gestations with assisted reproductive technique before the single-embryo transfer legislation: obstetric, neonatal outcomes and congenital anomalies.
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Objective: To compare perinatal, neonatal outcome and congenital anomalies of multiple gestations conceived by means of assisted reproductive techniques with spontaneously conceived multiples before the limitation of number of embryo transfer. Methods: Cases consisted of assisted reproductive technique (ART) multifetal gestations and control group comprised of spontaneously conceived multifetal gestations delivered in the same time period. Outcomes were perinatal, neonatal outcome, long-term outcomes and congenital anomalies of multiple gestations. There were 270 multifetal pregnancies for analysis, of which 137 were achieved by ART and 133 were spontaneous in this prospective study. Results: Incidences of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, deep vein thrombosis, thrombocytopenia, intrahepatic cholestasis and preterm premature rupture of membranes were similar in ART and spontaneous groups. There was no difference in fetal malformation rates between ART and control group, but higher rates of central nervous system malformation were observed (4 (1.5%) in control, 0 in ART group, p = 0.04) in spontaneous group. No difference was seen in the perinatal mortality. Conclusions: Neonatal and maternal outcomes are comparable between ART and spontaneous multifetal gestations. Congenital fetal malformation rates between ART and spontaneous multifetal pregnancies were similar except central nervous system malformation that was more likely in spontaneously conceived ones.