Mature ovarian cystic teratoma containing well-differentiated cerebellar tissue
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A 38-year-old female patient experienced groin pain; ultrasound imaging revealed a dermoid cystic mass in the right ovary and a cystectomy was then performed. Unusually, a mature cerebellum is found in the cyst wall. The pathological diagnosis was -mature cystic teratoma with well-differentiated cerebral and cerebellar tissue-. Glial tissue is a common neural component of teratomas, but a cerebellum is extremely rare in mature ovarian cystic teratomas. The authors report the case because of its rare component; they acknowledge that a cystic teratoma is the most common neoplasm of ovarian germ cells.