Publication:
Presence of Auditory Pathway Abnormalities in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 With Brainstem Focal Areas of Abnormal Signal Intensity: Diffusion Tensor Imaging Features

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2024-06-10

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Cesme D. H.
Atasoy B.
Alkan G.
Peker A. A.
Yilmaz T. F.
Yurtsever I.
Iscan A.
Alkan A.

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Abstract

Background: To investigate whether there is a difference in mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values in the auditory pathways of neurofibromatosis type 1 patients with and without focal areas of abnormal signal intensity (FASI) compared to healthy controls by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods: Patients were classified as group 1 with focal areas of abnormal signal intensity in the brainstem, group 2 without focal areas of abnormal signal intensity, and healthy control group 3 according to the MRI findings. Mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy values of lateral lemniscus, inferior colliculus, corpus geniculatum mediale, Heschl gyrus, and brainstem were compared between groups. The correlation between mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy values of auditory pathways and age was investigated. Results: There was a significant difference between group 1 and group 2 in terms of mean diffusivity and fractional anisotropy values at lateral lemniscus, inferior colliculus, corpus geniculatum mediale, and Heschl gyrus. Increased mean diffusivity and decreased fractional anisotropy values at brainstem were found in group 1. There was a significant difference between group 1 and group 3 in terms of mean diffusivity values at all auditory pathways. Fractional anisotropy values obtained from lateral lemniscus, inferior colliculus, and Heschl gyrus decreased in group 1 compared with group 3. There was a negative correlation between mean diffusivity values and positive correlation between fractional anisotropy values at lateral lemniscus, inferior colliculus, Heschl gyrus, and age. Conclusions: Our diffusion tensor imaging findings show that the neuronal integrity of the auditory pathways is affected in neurofibromatosis type 1 patients with brainstem focal areas of abnormal signal intensity. We think that the disappearance of brainstem focal areas of abnormal signal intensity associated with myelin repair and the regression of diffusion tensor imaging changes in the auditory pathways occur simultaneously with advancing age in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1.

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Auditory pathways, brainstem, diffusion tensor imaging, fractional anisotropy, neurofibromatosis type 1

Citation

Cesme D. H., Atasoy B., Alkan G., Peker A. A., Yilmaz T. F., Yurtsever I., Iscan A., Alkan A., "Presence of Auditory Pathway Abnormalities in Children With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 With Brainstem Focal Areas of Abnormal Signal Intensity: Diffusion Tensor Imaging Features", JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY, 2024
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