Ethnic Differences in Magnesium Intake in U.S. Older Adults: Findings from NHANES 2005?2016.
Jackson, Sarah E
ISIK, Ahmet Turan
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Magnesium plays a crucial role in hundreds of bodily processes relevant to aging, but consumption of dietary magnesium intake has been shown to be inadequate in a large proportion of older adults. Identifying groups at risk of low magnesium intake is important for informing targeted advice. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2016, we examined the association between ethnicity (Caucasian/African American/Hispanic/other) and magnesium intake in a large representative sample of U.S. older adults (≥65 y, n = 5682, mean (SD) 72.9 (0.10) y). Analyses adjusted for total energy intake and a range of relevant covariates. Overall, 83.3% of participants were not meeting the recommended level of dietary magnesium intake, ranging from 78.1% of other ethnic groups to 90.6% of African Americans. In the fully adjusted model, magnesium intake was lower among African American older adults (−13.0 mg/d, 95% CI: −18.8 to −7.2), and higher among Hispanics (14.0 mg/d, 95% CI: 7.5 to 20.5) and those from other ethnic groups (17.2, 95% CI: 3.8 to 30.5) compared with Caucasian older adults. These results highlight the need for targeted interventions to increase magnesium intake in U.S. older adults, with a focus on African Americans, in order to reduce the burden of morbidity and ethnic inequalities in health in later life.