Effect of Various Lasers on the Bond Strength of Two Zirconia Ceramics
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the effects of various laser systems on surface roughness and shear bond strengths of zirconia ceramics. Material and methods: Seventy-two ceramic discs (10 mmx2 mm) obtained from two sintered zirconia ceramics (Zirkonzahn, Zirkonzahn Prettau((R))) were divided into two groups (n=36) according to the computer-aided design (CAD)-computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technique and then further divided into three groups (n=12). Each group was treated with one of the following: (1) femtosecond (FS), (2) Nd:YAG (NY), and (3) Er:YAG (EY) lasers. After laser irradiation, a scanning electron micrograph (SEM) was taken at 500x magnification for qualitative examination. Following surface roughness measurement by profilometry, resin cement (Rely X U200) was bonded to the ceramic specimens using Teflon tubes (3 mm height, 4 mm diameter). Specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 degrees C for 24 h and then thermal cycled for 5000 cycles. A shear bond strength (MPa) test was performed using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were analyzed by two way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey honest significant difference (HSD) tests for pairwise comparisons among groups (p=0.05). Results: MPa and roughness were significantly affected by laser type (p0.05). In the SEM, the surfaces of the FS group were rougher than those of the NY and EY groups. NY and EY surfaces were nearly smooth. Conclusions: FS laser is an effective surface treatment for roughening surfaces of zirconia ceramics. Furthermore, it reveals the highest MPa.