Yerleşmiş romatoid artrit hastalarında kardiyovasküler risk ile fonksiyonel yetersizlik ve hastalık aktivitesi arasındaki ilişki / The correlation between cardiovascular risk, functional disability and disease activity in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis
AuthorYAZGAN UMUT, Saadet
AdvisorPROF. DR. MUSTAFA GÜLER
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease which results in functional insufficiency and disability. Stabile angina, coroner arter diseases, myocardial infarction, congestive hearth failure and stroke are the mostly seen causes of mortality and morbidity in RA. The cause of death in %40-50 of RA patients is cardiovascular disease. It was shown that because of the chronic inflammation and immunological abnormalities, the cardiovascular disease prevalance is higher in chronic RA compaired to early and moderate RA. Using the Framingham score, the primary aim of this study was to determine the cardiovascular risk in patients with RA and its correlation with disease activity and functional ability. The secondary aim of the study was to compare the Ra patients with the control group by the meaning of Framingham risk score and cardiovascular risk.A total of 74 patients participated in this cross-sectional study. All of the RA patients were recruited from the rheumatoid arthritis outpatient clinic of Bezmialem Vakif University Hospital who were regularly followed-up. All of them fullfilled the American College of Rheumatology criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis. A total of 39 subjects without inflammatory athritis were included to our study as Control grup. Framingam score was calculated by evaluating the the age, smoking, diabetes, cholesterol and blood pressure measurements. DAS-28 (Diseae Activity Score-28) was used for evaluating disease activity and HAQ (Health Assesment Quastionnaire) for evaluating the functional ability in our patients.We couldn?t find any significant difference between the case and control groups by meaning of Framingham score. The mean of ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and blood pressure of participants in study group was significiantly higher than those of control group.There was not any significant difference by the meaning of CRP (C-Reactive Protein) and cholesterol level between th groups. The mean DAS-28 was 3,855 ± 1,224 and the mean HAQ was 0,642 ± 0,705 in case group. DAS-28, HAQ, CRP, ESR and disease duration were not significantly correlated with Framingham score.For the patients who have inflammatory arthritis, besides to traditional risk factors, new risk score calculation that consists of other disease spesific risk factors are needed. By extending the sample size and by designing the prospective studies, statistically more significant results will be achieved.