Publication:
Association between left-sided varicocele and epididymo-orchitis with sonographic findings

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Date
2024-04-23
Authors
Atay M.
TOPRAK H.
AKÇAY A.
Mehdi E.
Yilmaz M.
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Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between left-sided varicocele and epididymitis or epididymo-orchitis. Materials and Methods: The study included 72 patients with left side epididymitis (EP) or epididymo-orchitis (EPO) (Group 1) and a control group of 72 patients without EP or EPO (Group 2). Those with right EP-EPO were excluded due to possible other underlying retroperitoneal pathologies causing varicocele. Groups were evaluated for presence of left side varicocele, varicocele grade and pampiniform plexus vein diameter. Results: The average age was 38 +/- 8.4 years (range, 18-50 years) in Group 1, and 36 +/- 9.1 years (range, 16-47 years) in Group 2. Varicocele was significantly more common in patients with EP or EPO (p < .001). The rate of varicocele was 66.7% (48/72) in Group 1, and 22.3% (16/72) in Group 2. The median grade of varicocele was 2 in Group 1, and 0 in Group 2. Pampiniform plexus vein diameters were found to be significantly larger in patients with EP or EPO compare to patients without EP and EPO. The median vein diameter was 3.3 mm with the 25th and 75th percentiles at 2.7 and 3.8 mm, and was 1.9 mm with the 25th and 75th percentiles at 1.7 and 2.3 mm, respectively (p < .001). Conclusions: Left-sided varicocele was significantly more common in patients with EP or EPO and it is an important cause for the development of EP/EPO because of chronic venous stasis.
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Tıp, Dahili Tıp Bilimleri, Nükleer Tıp, Fizik, Elektromanyetizma, Akustik, Isı Transferi, Klasik Mekanik ve Akışkanlar Dinamiği, Akustik, Sağlık Bilimleri, Temel Bilimler, Medicine, Internal Medicine Sciences, Nuclear medicine, Physics, Electromagnetism, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, Acoustics, Health Sciences, Natural Sciences, AKUSTİK, Temel Bilimler (SCI), RADYOLOJİ, NÜKLEER TIP ve MEDİKAL GÖRÜNTÜLEME, Klinik Tıp, Klinik Tıp (MED), ACOUSTICS, PHYSICS, Natural Sciences (SCI), RADIOLOGY, NUCLEAR MEDICINE & MEDICAL IMAGING, CLINICAL MEDICINE, Clinical Medicine (MED), Radyoloji ve Ultrason Teknolojisi, Akustik ve Ultrasonik, Radyoloji, Nükleer Tıp ve Görüntüleme, Fizik Bilimleri, Radiological and Ultrasound Technology, Acoustics and Ultrasonics, Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging, Physical Sciences
Citation
Atay M., TOPRAK H., AKÇAY A., Mehdi E., Yilmaz M., "Association between left-sided varicocele and epididymo-orchitis with sonographic findings", JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ULTRASOUND, 2024
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