Assessment of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus.

No Thumbnail Available
Kilic, Huseyin
Sahin, Sezgin
Toprak, Mekiya Filiz
Hatay, Gokce Hale
Yilmaz, Kubra
Adrovic, Amra
Barut, Kenan
Ozturk Isik, Esin
Tuzun, Erdem
Kizilkilic, Osman
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue


Search on Google Scholar

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterised by the presence of various autoantibodies. Mild cognitive impairment developing in patients without significant neuropsychiatric (NP) symptoms was thought to be the result of immune-mediated myelinopathy. We aimed to determine the role of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab) in the neurological manifestations of childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) and if there is a correlation between various metabolite peaks in magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and myelinopathy.
MOG-Ab levels were studied in all healthy subjects (n=28) and in all patients with (NPSLE=9) and without (non-NPSLE=36) overt neuropsychiatric manifestations. Twenty patients (all had a normal-appearing brain on plain magnetic resonance) in non-NPSLE and 20 subjects in healthy group met the MRS imaging standards for evaluation in which normal appearing brain on plain MR.
A total of 45 cSLE (36 non-NPSLE and 9 NPSLE) subjects and 28 healthy children were recruited to the study. The mean age of the SLE patients at study time was 16.22±3.22 years. MOG-Ab was not detected in cSLE or in healthy group. There was no significant difference between the non-NPSLE group and healthy subjects in terms of choline, N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), creatine, NAA/creatine, and choline/creatine.
There was no association of MOG-Ab with cSLE, whether NP manifestations were present or not. A causal relationship between immune-mediated myelinopathy and cognitive impairment could not be suggested, since there has been no patient with positive MOG-Ab and there has been no difference in choline, choline/creatine between groups.
Page Views


File Downloads


Sustainable Development Goals