Surgical treatment of scapula body fractures extending glenoid fossa: Surgical technique and early results.

Altun, Güray
Shatat, Khaled
Kapıcıoğlu, Mehmet
Ersen, Ali
Bilsel, Kerem
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The aim of this study was to describe the surgical technique and evaluate functional outcomes following open reduction and internal fixation in patients with scapular fractures.

In this study, ten patients with scapular fractures with Ideberg type four and five, who had undergone operatively with the Judet approach in three different orthopedic centers between March 2014 and October 2018, were evaluated retrospectively. By the end of at least a 2-year follow-up period, postoperative Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), Constant questionnaires were evaluated by all participating patients.

Three of these patients had fractures on the left; seven patients had fractures on the right side, and the average patient age was 35.1±9.75. Mean Constant and DASH scores were 87.9±13.68 and 5.57±5.21, respectively. In two patients, about 2 cm adjacent to the suprascapular notch, perioperative suprascapular nerve injury was stated and sutured using the epineural technique. By the end of the 2-year follow-up of these two patients, infraspinatus muscle atrophy had occurred. However, external rotation muscle strength was 4/5 in both patients.

This study suggests that scapula fractures extending glenoid articular surface can be safely fixed through the Judet approach and had satisfactory results. In addition, two patients with traumatic suprascapular nerve injury were encountered during the surgery and repaired which may be hard to diagnose with modified or minimal incisional approaches.

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