Publication: The effect of fixed appliances on oral malodor from beginning of treatment till 1 year
Background: Orthodontic appliances can enhance plaque accumulation, and this can cause gingival inflammation. Halitosis of oral origin is associated with microbial metabolism on the tongue and in the saliva, dental plaque, and the amount of volatile sulfide-containing compounds. This study used a Halimeter to investigate fixed orthodontic therapy-associated increases in the oral malodor over a year.
Fixed orthodontic treatment
Sokucu O., Akpinar A., ÖZDEMİR H., Birlik M., ÇALIŞIR M., -The effect of fixed appliances on oral malodor from beginning of treatment till 1 year-, BMC ORAL HEALTH, cilt.16, 2016