Publication: Recognition of emotional face expressions in patients with restless legs syndrome
Objective Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is one of the commonest neurologic diseases. Along with sensory and motor symptoms, cognitive impairment and psychiatric features can be seen with RLS. The present study, was planned to look for evidence of cognitive impairment by evaluating facial emotion recognition (FER) in patients with RLS. Methods In this study, 80 patients with RLS and 50 healthy controls (HCs) were included. Demographic data were recorded. All patients with RLS and HCs were tested with Beck anxiety inventory (BAI), Beck depression inventory (BDI) and with Ekman-s test for recognition of facial emotions. Results Sixty-three of the patients with RLS and 37 of the HCs were female. The mean age of the patients was 45.41 +/- 8.24, and the mean age of HCs was 43.12 +/- 10.35. The patients and HCs were similar regarding sex, age, educational status, and marital status. Patients with RLS had FER difficulties comparing HCs. There was a negative correlation between Ekman-s test scores and BDI (r = -0.311, p < 0.001) and BAI scores (r = -0.379, p < 0.001). Conclusion FER is an invaluable research topic regarding cognitive function in RLS, which may help us develop different perspectives in terms of revealing the pathophysiology and is very important for the well-being of the patients- social interactions.