Temperature rises during tooth bleaching with different light-curing units

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Ozyilmaz, Ozgun Yusuf
Yavuz, Tevfik
SARI, Tugrul
Aykent, Filiz
Ozturk, Atiye Nilgun
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of three different light-curing units on the temperature rise induced in the pulpal cavity, when bleached with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). Forty extracted maxillary central incisors were randomly divided into four groups according to photoactivation procedure (n=10). Whiteness HP (WHP) bleaching agent which contains 35% HP bleach was placed on the facial tooth surface and no photoactivation device was used (control); an blue light-emitting diode (LED, 40s), a diode laser (4W, Continous mode, 20s), and Nd:YAG laser (4W, 60Hz frequency, 20s). Temperature rise in the pulpal chamber was measured with a J-type thermocouple wire that was connected to a data logger before and immediately after each 20-40s application. One tooth of each group was selected for scanning electron microscope analysis. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by the Games Howell post hoc test at a preset alpha of 0.05. One-way ANOVA revealed that there was a significant difference among the light-curing units (p<0.05) and between control group and light-curing units (p<0.05). The Nd:YAG induced significantly, which resulted in higher temperature increase than other light-curing units (10.7 degrees C). The LED unit produced the lowest temperature changes (3.2 degrees C) among the light-curing units. The presence of the bleaching gel did not cause a temperature increase in control group (0 degrees C). The results suggested that using light-curing units caused temperature changes in the intrapulpal cavity during tooth bleaching. The use of LED will be more safer for pulpal health when assisted with WHP bleaching gel.
Ozyilmaz O. Y. , Yavuz T., SARI T., Aykent F., Ozturk A. N. , -Temperature rises during tooth bleaching with different light-curing units-, JOURNAL OF ADHESION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.29, ss.1572-1580, 2015
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