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    Vertical Versus Pfannenstiel Incision-Modified Stoppa Approach in the Treatment of Acetabular Fractures
    (2024-03-01) Kara D.; ELMADAĞ N. M.; Ali J.; Misir A.; Cetin H.; DEMİRKIRAN C. B.; Mraja H.; Pulatkan A.; ELMADAĞ, NUH MEHMET; ALİ, JOTYAR; ÇETİN, HUZEYFE; DEMİRKIRAN, CEMİL BURAK
    OBJECTIVES:The aims of this study were to compare the patient and fracture characteristics, radiological, functional, and quality of life outcomes; the need for a lateral window approach and requirement of total hip arthroplasty; and complications in patients with simple and complex acetabular fractures who underwent a modified Stoppa approach through vertical and Pfannenstiel incisions.METHODS:Design:This was a retrospective comparison study.Setting:Level 1 trauma center.Patient Selection Criteria:Patients with acetabular fractures (A-O-/-O-T-A type 62A-B-C) treated with vertical (group V) or Pfannenstiel (group P) incision-modified Stoppa approach between 2010 and 2020 were included.Outcome Measures and Comparisons:Patient characteristics, radiological evaluations (reduction quality and posttraumatic osteoarthritis), patient functional outcomes [12-item Short-Form Survey (SF-12) physical component score, SF-12 mental component score, Harris Hip Score, and Merle d\"Aubigné-Postel], approach modifications and stratification by fracture type and complications were compared between those treated with vertical or Pfannenstiel incisions.RESULTS:One hundred four patients (mean age of 38.5 ± 14.3 years) were included. There was no significant difference between the Pfannenstiel or vertical groups regarding patient and fracture characteristics (P = 0.137), postoperative reduction quality (P = 0.130), or the mean functional and quality of life outcome scores at the last follow-up (P = 0.483 for the Harris Hip Score, P = 0.717 for the Merle d\"Aubigné-Postel score, P = 0.682 for the SF-12 physical component score, and P = 0.781 for the SF-12 mental component score). In group P, significantly more patients needed additional lateral incisions (40.8% vs. 10.9%; P 0.001) and total hip replacement procedures (12.2% vs. 1.8%; P = 0.049). The total, early, and late complication rates were significantly higher in group P (P 0.001, P = 0.034, and P = 0.049, respectively).CONCLUSIONS:Pfannenstiel incision was associated with higher complication rates than vertical incision in acetabular fractures treated through a modified Stoppa approach. Fracture complexity is associated with the need for a lateral window approach and total hip arthroplasty, as well as a worse functional and radiological outcome regardless of incision type. However, it was not associated with the development of intraoperative or postoperative complications.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.