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SOYSAL, PINAR

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PINAR
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Now showing 1 - 10 of 276
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Comparative Evaluation of Orthostatic Hypotension in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy.
    (2021-07-20T00:00:00Z) Aytaş, Gamze; Elçioğlu, Ömer C; Kazancıoğlu, Rümeyza; Gürsu, Meltem; Artan, A Serra; Yabacı, Ayşegül; Soysal, PINAR; Bilgi, Kadir; Özçelik, Semra; KAZANCIOĞLU, RÜMEYZA; ELÇİOĞLU, ÖMER CELAL; GÜRSU, MELTEM; YABACI TAK, AYŞEGÜL; SOYSAL, PINAR; ÖZÇELİK, SEMRA
    Introduction: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) affects 5-20% of the population. Our study investigates the presence of OH in diabetic nephropathy (DNP) patients and the factors affecting OH in comparison with nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (NDCKD) patients. Method: Patients presented to the nephrology clinic, and those who consented were included in the study. DNP was defined by kidney biopsy and/or clinical criteria. NDCKD patients of the same sex, age, and eGFR were matched to DNP patients. Demographic parameters and medications were obtained from the records. OH was determined by Mayo clinic criteria. The same researcher used an electronic device to measure blood pressure (BP). All samples were taken and analyzed the same day for biochemical and hematologic parameters and albuminuria. Results: 112 (51 F, 61 M, mean age: 62.56 ± 9.35 years) DNP and 94 (40 F, 54 M, mean age: 62.23 ± 10.08 years) NDCKD patients were included. There was no significant difference between DNP and NDCKD groups in terms of OH prevalence (70.5 vs. 61.7%, p = 0.181). Male patients had significantly higher OH prevalence than female patients (74.7 vs. 60.0%, p = 0.026). There was no significant difference in change in systolic BP between the groups (24.00 [10.00-32.00] mm Hg vs. 24.00 [13.75-30.25] mm Hg, p = 0.797), but the change in diastolic BP was significantly higher in the DNP group (8.00 [2.00-13.00] mm Hg vs. 6.00 [2.00-9.00] mm Hg, p = 0.025). In the DNP group, patients with OH had significantly higher uric acid levels than those without OH (7.18 ± 1.55 vs. 6.36 ± 1.65 mg/dL, p = 0.017). And, 73.7% of patients on calcium channel blockers developed OH (p = 0.015), and OH developed in 80.6% of 36 patients on alpha-blockers (p = 0.049). Conclusion: OH prevalence is very high in CKD, and etiology of CKD does not have a statistically significant effect on the frequency of OH, despite a difference that could be meaningful clinically. Therefore, patients with CKD are checked for OH, with or without concurrent diabetes mellitus. Evaluation of postural BP changes should be a part of nephrology practice.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Decreased Basal Metabolic Rate Can Be an Objective Marker for Sarcopenia and Frailty in Older Males.
    (2019-01-01) Soysal, PINAR; Ates, Bulut; YAVUZ, I; SOYSAL, PINAR
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Malnutrition in older age
    (2019-11-01T00:00:00Z) Kalan, Ugur; Arik, Ferhat; Soysal, Pınar; SOYSAL, PINAR
  • PublicationMetadata only
    The association between physical activity and urinary incontinence among adults residing in Spain
    (2023-02-01) Smith L.; Soysal P.; Sánchez G. L.; Isik A. T.; Veronese N.; Demurtas J.; Ilie P.; Koyanagi A.; Jacob L.; SOYSAL, PINAR
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Ethnic Differences in Magnesium Intake in US Older Adults: Findings from NHANES 2005-2016
    (2018-12-01) Jackson S. E.; Smith L.; Grabovac I.; Haider S.; Demurtas J.; Lopez-Sanchez G. F.; SOYSAL P.; Redsell S.; IŞIK A. T.; Yang L.; SOYSAL, PINAR
    Magnesium plays a crucial role in hundreds of bodily processes relevant to aging, but consumption of dietary magnesium intake has been shown to be inadequate in a large proportion of older adults. Identifying groups at risk of low magnesium intake is important for informing targeted advice. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2016, we examined the association between ethnicity (Caucasian/African American/Hispanic/other) and magnesium intake in a large representative sample of U.S. older adults (65 y, n = 5682, mean (SD) 72.9 (0.10) y). Analyses adjusted for total energy intake and a range of relevant covariates. Overall, 83.3% of participants were not meeting the recommended level of dietary magnesium intake, ranging from 78.1% of other ethnic groups to 90.6% of African Americans. In the fully adjusted model, magnesium intake was lower among African American older adults (-13.0 mg/d, 95% CI: -18.8 to -7.2), and higher among Hispanics (14.0 mg/d, 95% CI: 7.5 to 20.5) and those from other ethnic groups (17.2, 95% CI: 3.8 to 30.5) compared with Caucasian older adults. These results highlight the need for targeted interventions to increase magnesium intake in U.S. older adults, with a focus on African Americans, in order to reduce the burden of morbidity and ethnic inequalities in health in later life.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Telomere length and health outcomes: An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies.
    (2019-05-01) SMITH, L; LOPEZ-SANCHEZ, GF; FIRTH, J; KOYANAGI, A; ROBERTS, J; WILLEIT, P; WALDHOER, T; LOOSEMORE, M; ABBS, AD; JOHNSTONE, J; YANG, L; VERONESE, N; Soysal, PINAR; LUCHINI, C; DEMURTAS, J; STUBBS, B; HAMER, M; NOTTEGAR, A; LAWLOR, RT; SOYSAL, PINAR
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Inflammation, Frailty and Cardiovascular Disease
    (2020-01-01T00:00:00Z) SOYSAL, PINAR; Arik, Ferhat; Smith, Lee; Jackson, Sarah E.; IŞIK, AHMET TURAN; SOYSAL, PINAR
    Chronic inflammation, which is called -inflamm-aging-, is characterized by an increased level of inflammatory cytokines in response to physiological and environmental stressors, and causes the immune system to function consistently at a low level, even though it is not effective. Possible causes of inflammaging include genetic susceptibility, visceral obesity, changes in gut microbiota and permeability, chronic infections and cellular senescence. Inflammation has a role in the development of many age-related diseases, such as frailty. Low grade chronic inflammation can also increase the risk of atherosclerosis and insulin resistance which are the leading mechanisms in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). As it is well known that the risk of CVD is higher in older people with frailty and the risk of frailty is higher in patients with CVD, there may be relationship between inflammation and the development of CVD and frailty. Therefore, this important issue will be discussed in this chapter.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Association between physical multimorbidity and sleep problems in 46 low-and middle-income countries
    (2022-06-01T00:00:00Z) Smith, Lee; Il Shin, Jae; Jacob, Louis; Schuch, Felipe; Oh, Hans; Tully, Mark A.; Lopez Sanchez, Guillermo F.; Veronese, Nicola; SOYSAL, PINAR; Yang, Lin; Butler, Laurie; Barnett, Yvonne; Koyanagi, Ai; SOYSAL, PINAR
    Background: Little is known about the association between multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic conditions) and sleep problems in the general adult populations of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we aimed to assess this association among adults from 46 LMICs, and to quantify the extent to which anxiety, depression, stress, and pain explain this association. Methods: Cross-sectional, predominantly nationally representative, community-based data from the World Health Survey were analyzed. Nine chronic physical conditions (angina, arthritis, asthma, chronic back pain, diabetes, edentulism, hearing problems, tuberculosis, visual impairment) were assessed. To be included in the analysis, sleep problems had to have been experienced in the past 30 days and to have been severe or extreme; they included difficulties falling asleep, waking up frequently during the night or waking up too early in the morning. Multivariable logistic regression and mediation analyses were conducted to explore the associations. Results: Data on 237,023 individuals aged ≥18 years [mean (SD) age 38.4 (16.0) years; 49.2% men] were analyzed. Compared with no chronic conditions, having 1, 2, 3, and ≥4 conditions was associated with 2.39 (95%CI=2.14, 2.66), 4.13 (95%CI=3.62, 4.71), 5.70 (95%CI=4.86, 6.69), and 9.99 (95%CI=8.18, 12.19) times higher odds for sleep problems. Pain (24.0%) explained the largest proportion of the association between multimorbidity and sleep problems, followed by anxiety (21.0%), depression (11.2%), and stress (10.4%). Conclusions: Multimorbidity was associated with a substantially increased odds for sleep problems in adults from 46 LMICs. Future studies should assess whether addressing factors such as pain, anxiety, depression,
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Which Cholinesterase Inhibitor is the Safest for the Heart in Elderly Patients With Alzheimer-s Disease?
    (2012-05-01T00:00:00Z) ISIK, Ahmet Turan; BOZOGLU, Ergun; YAY, Adnan; Soysal, PINAR; ATESKAN, Umit; SOYSAL, PINAR
    Objective: Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) are widely used for the treatment of Alzheimer-s disease (AD); however, their cholinergic side effects on the cardiovascular system are still unclear. In this study, we aimed to examine the side effects caused by donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine on cardiac rhythm and postural blood pressure changes in elderly patients with AD. Methods: Of 204 consecutive elderly patients who were newly diagnosed with AD, 162 were enrolled and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessments. The electrocardiographs (ECGs) and blood pressures were recorded at the baseline and 4 weeks after the dose of 10 mg/d of donepezil, 10 cm2/d of rivastigmine, and 24 mg/d of galantamine. Results: There were no changes relative to the baseline in any of the ECG parameters or arterial blood pressure with any of the administered ChEIs. Conclusion: It was demonstrated that none of the 3 ChEIs were associated with increased negative chronotropic, arrhythmogenic, and hypotensive effects for the elderly patients with AD.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Investigation of optimum hemoglobin levels in older patients with chronic kidney disease.
    (2022-09-22T00:00:00Z) Kara, O; Soysal, P; Kiskac, M; Smith, L; Karışmaz, A; Kazancioglu, Rümeyza; SOYSAL, PINAR; KAZANCIOĞLU, RÜMEYZA