11 - Sürdürülebilir Şehirler ve Topluluklar

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SÜRDÜRÜLEBİLİR ŞEHİR VE YAŞAM ALANLARI Şehirleri ve insan yerleşimlerini kapsayıcı, güvenli, dayanıklı ve sürdürülebilir kılmak. Dünya nüfusunun yarıdan fazlası artık kentlerde yaşıyor. 2050 yılına kadar bu rakam 6,5 milyar, yani dünya nüfusunun üçte ikisi olacaktır. Kentsel alanlarımızı inşa etme ve yönetme biçimimizi önemli ölçüde değiştirmezsek, sürdürülebilir kalkınmayı başaramayız.

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  • PublicationMetadata only
    Anxiety levels among Turkish public transportation drivers: a relation to restless legs syndrome?
    (2014-01-01) Ozder, ACLAN; Eker, Hasan Huseyin; ÖZDER, ACLAN
    The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of individuals who are at high risk for state and trait anxiety as well as to investigate the relationship of anxiety levels of urban transportation drivers from Istanbul, Turkey with restless legs syndrome (RLS). The data was gathered between April 2013 and June 2013 by the use of a questionnaire prepared for the purpose of this study, completed anonymously. Restless leg syndrome and anxiety level were evaluated in the group; data obtained was analyzed using the SPSS version 16. Chi-square, correlation and student-t tests were used. Restless leg syndrome symptoms were determined by a self-assessment questionnaire, including the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria, to determine RLS symptoms and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to determine anxiety levels of the participants. In the present study, the four RLS criteria were reported in 31.2%. STAI-state and STAI-trait scores were 40.82 +/- 9.55 and 42.99 +/- 8.54 respectively. The state and trait anxiety mean scores were different among participants with RLS in this study (p < 0.05). It was found a significant difference between tobacco usage and state anxiety (p < 0.05). There were a significant difference between RLS and age, number of cigarettes daily consumed and employment time (p < 0.05). The state and trait anxiety scores were found high among bus drivers with RLS in this study.
  • PublicationOpen Access
    COVID-19 Pandemic and Surge Capacity
    (2020-08-01T00:00:00Z) Karakoç, Miraç Nevzat; Erdoğan, Özcan; ERDOĞAN, ÖZCAN
    Disasters and pandemics experienced in recent years have shown the importance of emergency preparedness. Effectively responding to events leading to a large influx of patients that disrupt daily operations requires increased capacity. Not much resources may be available to recover losses in the current healthcare system. Therefore, plans should be made for the overflow capacity to accommodate a large number of patients before the disaster. In the face of a complex emergency epidemic, it is very important to identify and verify resources from the beginning of the outbreak in order to scale and use efficiently. It is necessary to make alternative plans and produce solutions against the worst possible scenario. In Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemics, as in all disasters and pandemics, trying to reduce the number of cases for overflow capacity, establishing alternative health facilities, minimizing the resource consumption of patients and increasing the bed capacity should be basic strategies. The need for excess resources arising in the overflow capacity experienced in a pandemic should be evaluated correctly and planning should be done accordingly. Therefore, it is necessary to create alternative areas. Projecting the underground car parks of the hospitals as underground hospitals in case of a nature-related disaster, and evaluating other closed areas within this scope; Again, the parks and reserve areas in the cities should be planned for the establishment of field hospitals against different scenarios against each natural disaster situation. With these plans, physical area demands that will occur in response to the overflow capacity can be supplied.