Comparison of the micro-tensile bond strengths of four different universal adhesives to caries-affected dentin after ER:YAG laser irradiation
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The micro-tensile bond strengths (micro-TBSs) of four universal adhesive systems, applied in two different bonding techniques, to carries-affected dentin after Er:YAG laser irradiation were investigated. Twenty-four extracted human molars were divided into four groups, according to the adhesive systems used. Each group was subdivided into two subgroups, depending on the bonding method used: the etch-and-rinse procedure or self-etch procedure. The carious lesions were irradiated using an Er:YAG laser. Resin composites were used to restore the adhesive-treated dentin surfaces. After 2,500 thermal cycles, the vertical composite resin-dentin sticks obtained were subjected to micro-TBS tests. One tooth in each group was examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). There were statistically significant differences (p<0.001) in micro-TBS values between universal adhesives. The results of this study suggested that universal adhesives applied both with self and total etch technique can be used for adhesive restorations to caries-affected dentin after Er:YAG laser irradiation. If lasers are preferred as a caries removal method, choosing a dentin bonding agent containing MDP may be recommended in clinical practice due to the property of increasing the bonding strength.