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Now showing 1 - 10 of 24
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Triterpenoids and steroids isolated from Anatolian Capparis ovata and their activity on the expression of inflammatory cytokines
    (2020-01-01T00:00:00Z) GAZİOĞLU, IŞIL; Semen, Sevcan; Acar, Ozden Ozgun; KOLAK, Ufuk; Sen, Alaattin; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI; GAZİOĞLU, IŞIL; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
    Context: Capparis L. (Capparaceae) is grown worldwide. Caper has been used in traditional medicine to treat various diseases including rheumatism, kidney, liver, stomach, as well as headache and toothache. Objective: To isolate and elucidate of the secondary metabolites of the C. ovata extracts which are responsible for their anti-inflammatory activities. Materials and methods: Buds, fruits, flowers, leaves and stems of C. ovata Desf. was dried, cut to pieces, then ground separately. From their dichloromethane/hexane (1:1) extracts, eight compounds were isolated and their structures were elucidated by NMR, mass spectroscopic techniques. The effects of compounds on the expression of inflammatory cytokines in SH-SY5Y cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR ranging from 4 to 96 mM. Cell viability was expressed as a percentage of the control, untreated cells. Results: This is a first report on isolation of triterpenoids and steroids from C. ovata with anti-inflammatory activity. One new triterpenoid ester olean-12-en-3b,28-diol, 3b-pentacosanoate (1) and two new natural steroids 5a,6a-epoxycholestan-3b-ol (5) and 5b,6b-epoxycholestan-3b-ol (6) were elucidated besides known compounds; oleanolic acid (2), ursolic acid (3), b-sitosterol (4), stigmast-5,22-dien-3b-myristate (7) and bismethyl-octylphthalate (8). mRNA expression levels as EC10 of all the tested seven genes were decreased, particularly CXCL9 (19.36-fold), CXCL10 (8.14-fold), and TNF (18.69) by the treatment of 26 mM of compound 1 on SH-SY5Y cells. Discussion and conclusions: Triterpenoids and steroids isolated from C. ovata were found to be moderate-strong anti-inflammatory compounds. Particularly, compounds 1 and 3 were found to be promising therapeutic agents in the treatment of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Preclinical studies evaluating the therapeutic efficacy of novel natural compound olean-12-en-28-ol, 3β pentacosanoate for multiple sclerosis
    (2022-09-26) Şenol H.; Özgün-Acar Ö.; Dağ A.; Eken A.; Acar B.; Aktaş Pepe N.; Güner H.; Aykut Z. G.; Çevik Kaplan S.; Ayaz Güner Ş.; et al.; ŞENOL, HALIL; DAĞ, AYDAN; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Importance of Functional Foods in Brain Health
    (2023-03-19) Topçu G.; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Di-, and Triterpenoids Isolation and LC-MS Analysis of Salvia marashica Extracts with Bioactivity Studies
    (2021-11-01T00:00:00Z) Toraman, Gulbahar O. Alim; Aydin, Sibel Kiran; Ertas, Abdulselam; Boga, Mehmet; EROL, EBRU; Saygi, Tuba Kusman; Halfon, Belkis; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI; EROL, EBRU; ALİM TORAMAN, GÜLBAHAR ÖZGE; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
    In this study, dichloromethane, acetone, and methanol extracts of the aerial parts of the Salvia marashica plant which is an endemic species to Anatolia, were investigated. The total phenolic amounts of these extracts were determined as pyrocatechol equivalent and total flavonoids as quercetin equivalent. Antioxidant activity was determined by four complementary methods including inhibition of lipid peroxidation (by beta-carotene color expression), DPPH free radical scavenging activity, ABTS cation radical scavenging activity and CUPRAC methods. Anticholinesterase activity of the extracts was investigated by the Ellman method against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) enzymes. Viability and cytotoxic activity tests were carried out on the fibroblast L929 cells and cytotoxic A549 lung cancer cells, respectively. The triterpenoids and diterpenoids constitute the major secondary metabolites of the S. marashica acetone and methanol extracts isolated by chromatographic methods. Their structures were determined based on spectroscopic methods, namely NMR and mass analyses. Ten terpenoids were obtained from either acetone or methanol extracts of the S. marashica. Seven of them were triterpenoids, elucidated as lupeol, lupeol-3-acetate, lup-12, 20(29)-diene, lup-20(29)-ene, alpha-amyrin-tetracosanoate, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid besides a steroid beta-sitosterol. Two abietane diterpenes, abieta-8,11,13-triene (1) and 18-acetoxymethylene-abieta-8,11,13-triene (2), were obtained from the acetone extract which were isolated from a Salvia species for the first time in the present study. The methanol extract was found to be very rich in rosmarinic acid determined by LC-MS/MS analysis.
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Synthesis and Comprehensive in Vivo Activity Profiling of Olean-12-en-28-ol, 3β-Pentacosanoate in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis: A Natural Remyelinating and Anti-Inflammatory Agent
    (2023-01-01) Şenol H.; Özgün Acar Ö.; Dağ A.; Eken A.; Güner H.; Aykut Z. G.; Topçu G.; Şen A.; ŞENOL, HALIL; DAĞ, AYDAN; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Special issue dedicated to the memory of Professor Ayhan Ulubelen (1931-2020)
    (2021-01-01T00:00:00Z) TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
  • PublicationOpen Access
    Bioguided Isolation of Secondary Metabolites from Salvia cerino-pruinosa Rech. f. var. cerino-pruinosa
    (2021-11-01T00:00:00Z) Ertas, Abdulselam; Cakirca, Hatice; Yener, Ismail; Akdeniz, Mehmet; Fırat, Mehmet; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI; KOLAK, Ufuk; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
    In the current study, the ethanol extracts prepared from the aerial parts and roots of an endemic species, Salvia cerino-pruinosa Rech. f. var. cerino-pruinosa were fractionated on silica gel columns and tested for determination of their antioxidant activity using DPPH free radical and ABTS cation radical scavenging, and cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) test assays. Twenty known secondary metabolites were isolated from the active antioxidant fractions; rosmarinic acid (1), chlorogenic acid (2), caffeic acid (3), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4), benzoic acid (5), luteolin 7-O-glucoside (6), bis-(2-ethylhexyl)benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate (7), salvianolic acid A (8), salvianolic acid B (9), 7-acetylroyleanone (10), 6,7-dehydroroyleanone (11), ferruginol (12), inuroyleanol (13), 12-hydroxy-6,7-secoabieta-8,11,13-triene-6,7-dial (14), ursolic acid (15), oleanolic acid (16), taraxasterol (17), lupenone (18), beta-sitosterol (19), and stigmasterol (20). Rosmarinic acid, which was obtained from the aerial parts, was found to be the best antioxidant compound among the isolated secondary metabolites in DPPH free radical and ABTS cation radical scavenging, and CUPRAC assays (IC50: 1.20 +/- 0.04 mu g/mL, IC50: 1.74 +/- 0.06 mu g/mL, A(0.5): 1.22 +/- 0.02 mu g/mL, respectively). Chlorogenic and caffeic acids, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, salvianolic acids A and B, and inuroyleanol exhibited also high antioxidant activity in the mentioned assays.
  • PublicationMetadata only
  • PublicationMetadata only
    Composition of the essential oil of Satureja metastasiantha: a new species for the flora of Turkey
    (2020-01-01T00:00:00Z) Carikci, Sema; GÖREN, AHMET CEYHAN; Dirmenci, Tuncay; Yalcinkaya, Burhanettin; Erkucuk, Aysen; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI; GÖREN, AHMET CEYHAN; TOPÇU, GÜLAÇTI
    The aerial parts of Satureja metastasiantha were hydrodistilled for 3 h using a Clevenger-type apparatus. The essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography/flame ionization detector and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, simultaneously, the main compounds of which were characterized as p-cymene (22.3%), thymol (21.0%), carvacrol (18.45%), and gamma-terpinene (12.1%). Antioxidant capacity, acetylcholinesterase and butyryl-cholinesterase inhibition effects, and antimicrobial and antifungal properties of the species were evaluated. The anticholinesterase activity of the essential oil of S. metastasiantha was observed with 30% inhibition at 200 mu g/mL. The essential oil of the species showed activity against Staphylococcus aureus with 128 mu g/mL minimum inhibitory concentration value.