Person: AKASLAN, TAHSİN ÇAĞDAŞ
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- PublicationOpen AccessClinical and histopathological improvement of scleromyxedema-induced microstomia after hyaluronidase injection(2022-05-01T00:00:00Z) AKASLAN, TAHSİN ÇAĞDAŞ; YILDIZ, PELİN; ONSUN, Nahide; AKASLAN, TAHSİN ÇAĞDAŞ; YILDIZ, PELİN; ONSUN, NAHIDEIntroduction Scleromyxedema is a rare primary cutaneous mucinosis characterized by numerous firm, waxy, confluent papules. Recently, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is accepted by many authors as the first-line treatment option for severe cases. We report a 69-year-old male patient who has been suffering from scleromyxedema, with reduced mouth opening. He has been on a high-dose IVIG regime for 5 years. Methods The patient stated that he had difficulty in wearing and removing his dentures because of reduced mouth opening lately. Before considering to add any other immunosuppressants to his regime, we injected 1500 IU of hyaluronidase in total in one session periorally. The patient has been told open his mouth maximum and photographs have been taken before injections and after one month. We used a photo measurement application when evaluating microstomia to increase accuracy. We also took punch biopsies in order to evaluate effect of hyaluronidase histopathologically before and one month after injections. Results One month later, he was able to reattach and remove his dentures without adding any adjuvant immunosuppressants other than hyaluronidase. Mouth opening was increased in measurements and histopathologically, mucin deposition, fibroblastic proliferation, and perivascular lymphocytic infiltration were decreased. Conclusions We think hyaluronidase is a safe, easily accessible, and effective treatment option for microstomia caused by scleromyxedema.
- PublicationMetadata onlyScabies increase during the COVID-19 pandemic: should we change our treatment strategy during the pandemic?(2022-01-01T00:00:00Z) MERT, ÖMER; SU KÜÇÜK, ÖZLEM; AKASLAN, TAHSİN ÇAĞDAŞ; MERT, ÖMER; SU KÜÇÜK, ÖZLEMScabies is a highly contagious, parasitic infestation caused by Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. There are some reports which claim the incidence of scabies has increased during COVID-19 lockdown. In this study, we aimed to compare the prevalence of scabies between March to September 2020 - the first six months of the COVID-19 outbreak in Turkey - and March to September 2019 - the same period in the previous year. Case number percentages were compared month-over-month and by total numbers for each specified period. Pearson-s chi-squared test was the comparison tool used. We checked the records of 36,469 patients who were admitted to Bezmialem Vakif University, Faculty of Medicine, Dermatology Department, a tertiary healthcare center, between March and September 2019, and out of this number, 258 patients had been diagnosed with scabies. The overall scabies case percentage was 0.71% and the range of monthly prevalence was 0.57%-0.83%. During the corresponding period in 2020, 26,219 dermatology patients were admitted, and 465 of those patients were diagnosed with scabies. The overall scabies case percentage was 1.77% and the range of monthly prevalence was 1.37%-3.46%. Scabies prevalence percentages were statistically significantly higher in all months and in the overall total in 2020 (P<0.001). Our nine patients, who admitted in 2020, did not respond to permethrin treatment but responded well to an ivermectin and permethrin combination. Scabies incidence has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic according to our study. We believe there may be an underreported resistance to permethrin and that starting treatment with oral ivermectin in combination with topical permethrin in extraordinary times, such as a pandemic, may help to control outbreaks.