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Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Depression at the early phase of first myocardial infarction
    (2012-09-01) Deveci, ERDEM; Ozan, Erol; Gulec, Mustafa; Kirpinar, Ismet; DEVECİ, ERDEM; KIRPINAR, İSMET
    Objective: To assess clinical depression and severity of depression symptoms early after a first acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Data was collected with a structured questionnaire including sociodemographic characteristics and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The questionnaire was applied to the 100 patients, who had suffered from first MI, after they were transferred to the ward from the coronary intensive care unit. Results: The mean age of the patients was 58.4 +/- 9.9 years, of whom 86.0% were male and 95.0% were married. The mean education duration was 4.6 +/- 4.1 years; the rate of illiterate and literate patients was 34.0% and the rate of patients graduated from primary school was 42.0%. Forty-seven percent of patients had a previous concomitant physical disease. Forty-three percent patients obtained a BDI score lower than 10, while 31.0% had a score of >= 17. A positive significant, but weak correlation was observed between BDI scores and age. The rate of patients with clinical depression (BDI score >= 17) was significantly higher in females as compared to males (64.3% and 25.6%, respectively, p<0.05). Conclusions: The diagnosis of post-MI depression may be difficult because of the non-specific complaints. Female gender was found to be a significant independent variable predicting the presence of depression symptoms and severity during the post-MI period. It would be beneficial to routinely investigate the presence and intensity of depression symptoms after MI. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2012; 13:179-183)
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Frontal lobe syndrome due to olfactory groove meningioma: a literature review
    (2010-09-01T00:00:00Z) Ozan, Erol; Deveci, ERDEM; Kirpinar, Ismet; TEHLI, Ozkan; DEVECİ, ERDEM; KIRPINAR, İSMET
    Behavioral syndromes observed with frontal lobe injury involve lesions of the circuits, connecting the frontal lobe to subcortical structures. Dorsolateral prefrontal circuit lesions result in executive function deficits, orbitofrontal circuit lesions result in disinhibition and impulsivity, and abulia (apathy and amotivation) occur with injury to the anterior cingulate circuit. Thirty-nine years-old female patient was evaluated in our outpaient clinic due to experiencing anosmia for the past two years and headache which appeared a few months after this complaint. In addition to these complaints, the patient reported apathy, anhedonia, lack of energy, inability to perform household chores and increased sleep need for the past 1.5 years. Lately, the patient also reported having blurred vision and had an incidence of urinary incontinence during sleep. The clinical presentation was compatible with anterior cingulate syndrome due to a large olfactory groove meningioma. Depending on the data, we were motivated to review the frontal lobe syndrome and meningiomas, especially the ones originating from the olfactory groove. (Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 11:279-284)
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Neurocognitive functioning in a group of offspring genetically at high-risk for schizophrenia in Eastern Turkey
    (2010-05-31T00:00:00Z) Ozan, Erol; Deveci, ERDEM; ORAL, Meltem; Karahan, Utku; Oral, Elif; Aydin, Nazan; Kirpinar, Ismet; DEVECİ, ERDEM; KIRPINAR, İSMET
    We assessed major cognitive domains in symptom-free children of patients with schizophrenia compared to the healthy children of parents with no psychopathology using neurocognitive tests. We hypothesized that, offspring at high-risk for schizophrenia would have significant impairment in major domains: attention, memory, verbal-linguistic ability and executive functions. Thirty symptom-free children (17-males, 13-females: intelligence quotient = 99.6 +/- 13.6: age = 12.69 +/- 2.32 and education = 5.8 +/- 2.3 years) having a parent diagnosed with schizophrenia and 37 healthy children matched for gender (19-males, 18-females), IQ (106.05 +/- 14.70), age (12.48 +/- 2.58) and years of education (6.0 +/- 2.5) were evaluated. The study group showed significant poor performance in cognitive domains, such as working memory (assessed with Auditory consonant trigram test), focused attention (Stroop test), attention speed (Trail making test), divided attention (Auditory consonant trigram test), executive functions (Wisconsin card sorting test), verbal fluency (Controlled word association test) and declarative memory (Rey verbal learning and Short-term memory test). However, no group differences were detected either on verbal attention (Digit span forward test) or sustained attention (TOVA, a continuous performance task): the latter as consistently reported to be a predictor of schizophrenia. In order to determine the cognitive endophenotype of schizophrenia, it seems more rational to conduct comprehensive evaluation of neurocognitive domains in well-matched groups via using sufficiently challenging tests to detect slight deficits. In addition, longitudinal studies with a larger sample size evaluating neurocognitive functions combined with genetic analysis may provide clues about explaining the genetic background of the disorder within the endophenocognitype concept and serve as new targets for early interventions. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Neuro cognitive functioning in young high-risk offspring having a parent with bipolar I disorder
    (2013-01-01) Deveci, ERDEM; Ozan, Erol; Kirpinar, Ismet; ORAL, Meltem; DALOGLU, Ali Gokhan; Aydin, Nazan; Ozturk, AHMET; DEVECİ, ERDEM; KIRPINAR, İSMET; ÖZTÜRK, AHMET
    Aim: To investigate attention, memory, verbal-linguistic ability, and executive functions in symptom-free young offspring having a parent with bipolar I disorder (BD1O) in comparison with healthy controls (CO).
  • Publication
    Metadata only
    Male Genital Self-mutilation as a Psychotic Solution
    Ozan, Erol; Deveci, Erdem; ORAL, Meltem; Yazici, Esra; Kirpinar, Ismet; DEVECİ, ERDEM; KIRPINAR, İSMET
    Background: Male genital self-mutilation (GSM) is a rare, but serious phenomenon. Some of the risk factors for this act are: presence of religious delusions, command hallucinations, low self-esteem and feelings of guilt associated with sexual offences. Other risk factors include failures in the male role, problems in the early developmental period, such as experiencing difficulties in male identification and persistence of incestuous desires; depression and having a history of GSM. The eponym Klingsor Syndrome, which involves the presence of religious delusions, is proposed for GSM.