Person: BENEZRA, MİRA KEBUDİ
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- PublicationOpen AccessInfluence of environment on testing of hydraulic sealers(2017-12-01T00:00:00Z) BENEZRA, MİRA KEBUDİ; Wismayer, Pierre Schembri; Camilleri, Josette; BENEZRA, MİRA KEBUDİIn vitro material testing is undertaken by conducting a series of tests following procedures outlined in international standards. All material properties are measured in water; however biological behavior is undertaken in alternative media such as Dulbecco-s modified eagle medium (DMEM) or simulated body fluid. The aim of this study was to characterize four dental root canal sealers and study their properties in different media. Four dental root canal sealers were assessed. They were characterized by a combination of techniques and the sealer properties were tested as specified by ISO 6876 (2012) and also in alternative media. The sealer biocompatibility was measured by cell function and proliferation assays of elutions. All sealers complied with ISO specifications. The material properties were effected by the type of soaking medium used and the surface micromorphology and elemental composition were dependent on the soaking solution type. Both BioRoot and MTA Fillapex showed cytotoxicity which reduced at higher dilutions. The material chemistry, presentation, environmental conditions and testing methodology used affected the sealer properties. Standards specific to sealer type are thus indicated. Furthermore the methodology used in the standard testing should be more relevant to clinical situations.
- PublicationOpen AccessInterfacial Characteristics and Cytocompatibility of Hydraulic Sealer Cements(2018-06-01T00:00:00Z) BENEZRA, MİRA KEBUDİ; Wismayen, Pierre Schembri; Camilleri, Josette; BENEZRA, MİRA KEBUDİIntroduction: The stability and long-term success of root canal obturation depends on the choice of sealer because the sealer bonds to the dentin and stabilizes the solid cone. Furthermore, the sealer needs to be nontoxic because sealer toxicity will certainly lead to treatment failure. The aim of this study was to assess the sealer-dentin interface of 3 hydraulic root canal sealers and to evaluate their cytocompatibility compared with AH Plus (Dentsply DeTrey GmbH, Konstanz, Germany). Methods: Four dental root canal sealers were assessed. AH Plus, MTA Fillapex (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil), BioRoot RCS (Septodont, Saint-Maur-des-Foss4s, France), and Endoseal (Maruchi, Wonju-si, Gangwondo, South Korea) were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy. The sealer-tooth interface was assessed by confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and biocompatibility was measured by assessing the cell metabolic function using direct contact assays and alkaline phosphatase activity. Results: The tricalcium silicate based sealers presented a different microstructure and elemental composition despite their similar chemistry and classification. BioRoot RCS was free of aluminum, and all sealers presented different radiopacifying elements. The sealer penetration in the dentinal tubules and interfacial characteristics were different. The migration of silicon was evident from sealer to tooth for all sealers containing tricalcium silicate. MTA Fillapex and BioRoot RCS exhibited the best cytocompatibility in both the direct contact test and alkaline phosphatase activity. Conclusions: The use of hydraulic calcium silicate based sealers has introduced a different material type to endodontics. These materials are different than other sealers mostly because of their hydraulic nature and their interaction with the environment. Although the sealers tested had a similar chemistry, their cytocompatibility and bonding mechanisms were diverse.